This course looks at the history of the Middle East between the First World War and the 1970s. We consider the origins, nature and significance of the First World War to the Middle East. We move on to examine in some detail the profound impact of the post-WWI peace conferences upon the political geography of the whole region. We go on to look at the creation of new states after the war and the continuance of imperial interests in the region up until the present day. We examine role of strategic, economic and political factors such as the Suez Canal, oil interests and the rise of Arab nationalism. We also consider the fraught issues of 'modernisation' and authoritarian rule in the Turkish and Iranian cases. The significance of the Second World War is also considered, with the emergence of more independent states (especially the creation of the State of Israel) and impact of European decolonisation (Suez Crisis). Finally we move on to look at the rise of oil politics in the period of the Cold War.