Religion under the Stuarts was no less convoluted than under Tudors. The attitude of the Presbyterian James VI of Scotland and the High Church principles of his son Charles I led to the turmoil of the Civil War period and a "free for all" in religious observance. The Restoration of Charles II introduced a nominal Anglican who was really a closet Catholic. His brother James II was openly Catholic in a country still strongly anti-papal. The Gloroius Revolution of 1688 established a new settlement which, for the first time, apart from the Commonweatlh decade of the 1650's, established a limited religious toleration for Nonconformist Dissenters. Much to debate here.