The death of Henry I's son in the White Shiip disaster created a dynastic dilemma, leading to nearly two decades of civil strife between the cousins Stephen and Matilda. Eventually Matilda's son Henry II secured the throne. He married the heiress Eleanor of Aquitaine and his lands stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees.
Henry's sons proved less able, with Richard embarking on the Third Crusade and suffering imprisonment, and his youngest son John losing most of the continental territories. This course examines the late Norman and early Angevin or Plantagenet period from 1100-1216.